About the COB

The COB is responsible for assessing whether the Office of the Independent Monitor is effectively performing its duties, making recommendations regarding policy and training issues, and addressing issues of concern to the community and other interested stakeholders. The COB will meet at least quarterly in public with the Executive Director of Safety, the Chief of Police, and the Sheriff and will conduct at least three meetings annually for public comment. The members of the Citizen Oversight Board are:


Julia Richman, Chair

Julia Richman, Chair, currently serves as the Deputy Executive Director of the Governor’s Office of Information Technology (OIT), overseeing a broad scope of agency operations. She joined OIT as the Chief Strategy Officer in 2020. Previously, Julia was the Chief Innovation and Technology Officer for the City of Boulder. Under her combined leadership, the city created award-winning programs focused on high-performance government with a focus on innovation, equity, and inclusion.

Julia spent a decade at Deloitte Consulting working with over 30 states, universities, non-profits, and the federal government on large-scale, enterprise-wide transformation efforts including technology transformation, cost reduction, business processes improvement, operations improvement, portfolio management, and innovation.

Born and raised in Colorado, Julia serves on the executive committees of both the Colfax Marathon and Colorado Smart Cities Alliance boards. She is a Colorado Governors Fellow, a graduate of Leadership Denver and the Colorado Institute for Leadership Training, as well as a mentor for Greenhouse Scholars since 2012. She received her MPP from the University of Chicago and AB from Dartmouth College.

Dr. Apryl Alexander, Vice Chair

Dr. Apryl Alexander, Vice Chair, is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Professional Psychology at the University of Denver (DU). She received her doctorate in clinical psychology from the Florida Institute of Technology with concentrations in forensic psychology and child and family therapy. Dr. Alexander primarily teaches in the master’s in forensic psychology program and serves as Director of the Forensic Institute of Research, Service, and Training (Denver FIRST) Outpatient Competency Restoration Program, which provides outpatient competency education and restoration for low-risk, court-ordered adult defendants and juveniles. In 2020, she was awarded a 3-year grant from the DOJ’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to develop a gender sensitive, culturally competent, and evidence-based trauma treatment program for juvenile justice involved girls in the Denver metro area.

Dr. Alexander’s research and clinical work focus on violence and victimization, human sexuality, and trauma-informed and culturally informed practice. She is an award-winning researcher and her work has been published in leading journals including Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, Child Maltreatment, Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, and Sexual Abuse.  Dr. Alexander has been interviewed by numerous media outlets, including The New York Times, The Wallstreet Journal, USA Today, and NBC Nightly News, about her research and advocacy work. Recently, she received the 2019 American Psychological Association’s Early Career Award for Outstanding Contributions to Benefit Children, Youth, and Families and the 2019 Michele Alexander Early Career Award for Scholarship and Service from the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (SPSSI). Additionally, Dr. Alexander is a board member for the Colorado Juvenile Defender Center (CJDC) and the Colorado Criminal Defense Institute (CCDI).

Nikki Braziel

Nikki Braziel is the co-founder of Octa, a Denver-based product design and manufacturing company that is focused on mounting solutions for mobile technology.  She previously worked at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, where she assisted in the development and distribution of museum exhibits and displays.  Before leaving her native Chicago, she worked in both legal marketing and professional development at Jenner & Block LLP.  In her free time, she writes historical fiction.

Terrance D. Carroll

Terrance D. Carroll was the 54th Speaker of the Colorado House of Representatives.  He is the only African-American to have served as Speaker of the Colorado House.  Terrance served in the legislature from 2003 until being term-limited 2011.  Terrance has been listed by 5280 Magazine as one of the "50 Most Influential People in Denver," Terrance's entry noted his reputation as a skillful dealmaker, stating that he is a "critical and respected negotiator."  Currently, Terrance is the Colorado State Director for Unite America. He also serves as a reserve police officer with Colorado’s statewide shared law enforcement reserve. Terrance is a graduate of the University of Denver’s Sturm College of Law, Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, and holds a Master of Divinity degree from the Iliff School of Theology in Denver.

Karen Collier

Karen Collier retired from public service in 2009, having worked in the Denver District Court as a court stenographer for 30 years. Since then, she has worked as an Alpine Ski Instructor in Winter Park and Granby, instructing differently-abled and abled-bodied youth and adults in Alpine skiing and as a tennis instructor with Denver Citywide Sports.

Karen is committed to social justice work in Colorado, having worked with the Chinook Fund, Out4Life Colorado, delivering HIV prevention services to the African-American communities in the Denver Metro area, The Center, volunteering with Rainbow Alley; its LGBTQ youth outreach program, and One Colorado as a co-chair for the People of Color Caucus.   In addition to the appointment to the Citizens Oversight Board, she sits on the Board of The Center for Trauma and Resilience and is a co-chair of Park Hill Congregational UCC's partnership with the Women's Homelessness Initiative; a program of the Capital Hill United Ministries, providing daily shelter to women who are homeless in Colorado.

Al Gardner

Al Gardner is the Vice President of Information Technology for Denver based Inspirato. Mr. Gardner specializes in strategic IT leadership and overall network, systems, and cyber security operations management. Al is a passionate coach and mentor who has a reputation for building and motivating highly effective teams built on a culture of integrity, compassion, innovation, and performance. Mr. Gardner’s commitment to the Denver community extends beyond his professional endeavors.

He has served as Denver African American Commissioner and in various roles with the Denver Police Department Chief’s Advisory Board, Denver Public Schools Equity Task Force, Denver Sheriff’s Advisory Board, and as affiliate faculty in the College of Computer Science at Regis University. Al Gardner holds both a Bachelor’s Degree and Master’s Degree in Business Administration. On June 10, 2020, Mr. Gardner testified at the Colorado State Capitol Building in front of the House Finance Committee in his role as Chair of the Citizen Oversight Board in support of Colorado SB20-217. 

Larry Martinez

Larry Martinez is a proud native-born Coloradan, raised in the inner city of Denver. He has been an active community member all his life. As a youth Larry performed anti-drug theater with the West Side Drug-Free Youth Team and worked with several community groups on cultural awareness and professional development. Larry has worked with Denver Inner City Parish (a secular human services organization, known as DICP) for 20 years. During that time, he directed youth out-of-school time programs, food pantries, senior-citizens' programs, community dinners, gift distributions, and sober living facilities. 

Larry is currently Executive Director of Denver Inner City Parish and a former director of DICP at College View, a Denver Parks and Rec center operated by DICP for 9 years. Larry also serves on the board of NEWSED CDC. He is married and a proud father of four wonderful children.

Stefan Stein

Stefan Stein is the Chief Executive Officer of Sherman & Howard, Denver’s oldest law firm. He represents clients in complex litigation, internal investigations, and government investigations and enforcement matters. Stefan previously served as Deputy General Counsel and Chief Ethics & Compliance Officer of Qwest Communications where he led a global ethics and compliance program for over 30,000 employees. He also served as a federal prosecutor in Los Angeles for seven years where he was the Deputy Chief of the Public Corruption & Government Fraud unit.

Stefan has been actively involved in community service throughout his legal career. In addition to serving on the Citizen Oversight Board, Stefan is currently a board member of the Colorado Nonprofit Development Center which is a fiscal sponsor for over 60 charitable organizations in Colorado. Stefan was previously a Board member and Chair of the Governance Committee of the Jewish Community Center of Denver. He was also a longtime Board member as well as the Interim CEO and Board Chair of Urban Peak, a nonprofit organization that provides a convergence of services to homeless youth and youth at risk of becoming homeless.

Stefan holds a Bachelor's degree in Economics from Stanford University and a law degree from the University of Michigan.

Nicholas Webber

Nicholas Webber is a supervising attorney at the Denver Trial Office of the Colorado State Public Defender, where he has worked since 2014. As a Deputy Public Defender, Nicholas works to protect the constitutional rights, liberties and dignity of indigent people accused of committing crimes. Nicholas has worked on all types of cases in his tenure at the public defender’s office, from misdemeanor traffic offenses to homicides and violent crimes.

Nicholas is a Denver native, but left Colorado to obtain his bachelor’s degree from Boston University. After college, he worked with low-income families at a Jesuit school in Ecuador before earning his law degree from Santa Clara University. Prior to becoming a public defender, Nicholas worked at the Watsonville Law Center Legal Aid Clinic in California, as an Equal Justice Works Fellow advocating for migrant worker rights. He also interned with the Santa Cruz California Public Defender’s Office and served as a board member for the Pajaro Valley Women’s Shelter.